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1. The polygon outlined in red on the nearest hillside is an example of an area that was originally coastal sage scrub, but since 1981 has been type converted to chaparral. The canopy cover has increased in percent cover. There is also the possibility of some erosion along the ridge line. This change in ridge line could also be due to a slightly different vantage point in the present day photo.

Historical Photo: Paramount Ranch Longhorn café/commissary, view southwest. Wanamaker, Marc. 1981. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 3071, 102/001.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch landscape, view southwest. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 1, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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2. The polygon outlined in red on the hillside is an area that has type converted from coastal sage scrub to chaparral. These pictures are taken from slightly different vantage points and thus the ridge lines do not line up exactly. Despite this minimal error, it is still evident that there has been change in the canopy cover.

Historical Photo: Paramount Ranch landscape, “Sugarloaf Peak”, view southwest. Wanamaker, Marc, Paramount Pictures. 1981. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 3071, 102/001.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch landscape, “Sugarloaf Peak,” view southwest. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 30, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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3. This photo was taken from the outskirts of the movie set and gives a view of the facing hill. Each of the polygons outlined in red represent areas that consist of dense chapparal cover in present day. The same areas in 1990 are also chaparral, but they are less densely covered. The now denser canopy cover may be a result of the plants growing or the presence of new plants.

Historical Photo: Paramount Ranch Long Pole barn, left, and horse barn, right. Wanamaker, Marc, Paramount Pictures. 1990. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 3071, 102/001.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch Long Pole barn, left, and horse barn, right. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 1, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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4. These photos are taken from slightly different elevations. This is because there is a road in the present day which was not present in 1990. Besides the addition of a road, there is little noticeable change in the vegetation cover. The canopy in the historic photo and the present day photo seem to be relatively the same.

Historical Photo: Paramount Ranch landscape with log cabin set at right. Wanamaker, Marc, Paramount Pictures. 1990. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 3071, 102/001.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch landscape with log cabin set at right, pagoda at center, and horse barn, left. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 1, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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5. The polygon outlined in red is an example of an area where the vegetation has experienced growth between 1989 and 2011. The area below the vegetation outlined in red has remained bare. This may be because the slope at this location is too steep for vegetation to grow on. With time and erosion, this area may grow as the steep slope increases both in surface area and degree of steepness.

Historical Photo: Paramount Ranch. Wanamaker, Marc. September 1989. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 3071, 102/002.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 1, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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6. In these two photos there is a slight discrepancy in the range of the hill slopes. This is due to new construction in the movie set, which made it impossible to stand at the same vantage point where the historical photo was taken. For the rest of the area outlined, it it possible to see where the vegetation has grown since. As was the case with photo sets 8 and 9 which were taken from this vantage point, the oak tree in the foreground has grown significantly.

Historical Photo: National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 3071, 102/014.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch, view north. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 1, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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7. This pair of photos is one of a set of panoramic views at an elevated vantage point. The riparian zone in this picture has expanded. The vegetation in the central hill has grown down the slope as it is now present closer to the valley. There also appears to have been some erosion on the leftmost hillside. The recent picture is taken from a slightly different vantage point, but it appears that there has been some remodeling and renovation of the buildings.

Historical Photo: July 1953. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 5246.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch, view southwest. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 30, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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8. This pair of photos displays a similar view of the area depicted in photo set 3. The polygon outlined in red is an area that has experienced notable growth since the historical photo was taken. It is also noticeable that the oak tree in the foreground has grown.

Historical Photo: National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 5246.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 1, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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9. This set of photos provides a similar comparison of the growth that has occurred in photo 3. The red polygon outlines each of the patches of chaparral that have grown in. There is one main patch in the center of the hillside that has experienced the most noticeable growth.

Historical Photo: National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 5246.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 1, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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10. This is another photo set from the panoramic view. The hazy quality of the historic photo makes it difficult to determine if there is any change in vegetation cover for the mountain ranges in the background. In the valley of the photos, the woodland, oak, and riparian areas have become more sense,and the height of the canopy is taller. One the hills on the left side of the photo appears to have been cleared since 1953.

Historical Photo: July 1953. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 5246.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch, view south. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 30, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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11. This pair of photos is also part of the panoramic photo set. There are several visible trails in the historic photo. Since then, some of these trails have begun to grow back in with vegetation, with chaparral converting to coastal sage scrub. For most of them, there is little visibility of the trail itself, or it has disappeared entirely. The high peak on the right side of the photo has eroded some, and the face is now much steeper. The woodland area in the middle of the photo has grown, resulting in less grassland.

Historical Photo: July 1953. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 5246.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch, view southwest. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 30, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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12. This photo set is also part of the panoramic photos taken from the same elevated vantage point. The riparian zone that runs through the valley of the park has grown in and expanded since 1953. The hill in the center of the photo has also type converted from coastal sage scrub to chaparral cover. This presumption of coastal sage scrub is based on observations of the historical photo area’s sparseness and lack of complete canopy cover. Along with the more densely covered hillsides, the vegetation boundary between the grassland and the shrubland has changed. The boundary is now closer to the bottom of the valley.

Historical Photo: July 1953. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 5246.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch, view west. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 30, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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13. These photos are of a grove of eucalyptus trees. These trees are not native to the region but grow very well in southern California’s Mediterranean climate. Since the historic photo was taken, these trees have grown and expanded their canopy considerably. There was also once a building in this grove of eucalyptus trees. This building was most likely a part of a movie set that was torn down when the ownership of the park changed hands. Although difficult to observe in the present day photo, there is still a cement foundation in this grove of trees.

Historical Photo: National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 5246.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 16, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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14. This photo displays the succession of vegetation following anthropogenic disturbance. In the historical photo, there is a road that runs through the center of the vegetation. Since 1953, non-native grassland has regrown over the road, which is no longer visible. The chaparral patch on the hillside to the left has also filled in. The red polygon outlines a patch of vegetation that has grown in. The shrubs and trees in the background have also grown.

Historical Photo: July 1953. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 5246.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. May 8, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


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16. Due to the angle at which this photo was taken, it is difficult to compare vegetation change between the two times. These photos do, however, display the stability of the grassland that runs through the center of the park, near the visitor’s center.

Historical Photo: Early 1950s. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. SAMO 5246.

Present Day Photo: Paramount Ranch. Kawakami, Kevin, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA. April 1, 2011. National Park Service, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.


PAGE BY: Jessica Savio. Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA 2011.